Pain Killers: Side Effects and Precautions

Side effects of Painkillers Let it kill only the pain, not you. In one of the article, Know Your Painkillers, the basics of analgesics has already been covered.

Now, let’s focus on its side effects and precautions that one need to take when consuming it more than often. Don’t take them in an empty stomach: Most painkillers, especially NSAIDs, are known to cause acidity, ulcers and other gastroenterological problems.

A full stomach before taking a painkiller helps protect the stomach lining from getting irritated by the salts of pain killer medicines.
Drink a lot of water: When any kind of medication is taken, it is the kidney that bears most the brunt. Painkillers do a good job in reducing hurt but then they are difficult to be gotten rid of from the system. Therefore, it is essential to drink enough water while taking painkillers as this will help the kidney to flush out the toxins associated with the medicine.

Don’t mix drinks and painkillers: Mixing alcohol with pain killer is a strict no-no. If consumed together, it can have side effects, varying from drowsiness to acidity. In extreme cases it can even be fatal, leading to a cardiac arrest or a stroke.

Do not break or crush the pill: Breaking a pill is an inappropriate way of self medication. Reason being that by doing so it becomes difficult to gauge the dosage of the medicine that is being consumed. This can lead to inefficiency of the drug. Ideally, unless the doctor tells so, breaking a pill is a bad idea. Don’t become habitual: Excess of anything is bad. Indiscriminate use of analgesics is also a dreadful habit. Try to avoid taking it unless you can’t do without it. Frequent use can even lead to its addiction. Some people can’t stop taking it even when they are in no pain.

Consult a doctor: It is always best to consult the doctor if you need to take pain killers beyond a couple of days. There can be a more serious issue which might require immediate attention. Ask doctor about its side effects: Some painkillers can make one feel drowsy. Check with your doctor if any such side effect is associated with the pain killer he has prescribed.

Tell doctor about other medicines you are on: Painkillers can cause unfavourable reactions when taken in combination with some drugs which you might be prescribed for heart diseases, diabetes, hypertension, or epilepsy. Tell the doctor your medical history, if any, and the medicines you are on before being prescribed painkillers.

Not more than one painkiller at a time: On an average, a painkiller can take anywhere from 15 to 30 minutes to begin acting and show results. Frequently having more than one painkiller at a time in order to attain quick relief can have drastic side effects such as abnormal blood clotting, kidney failure, bleeding into the stomach, cardiac arrest and even stroke.