Dengue Fever – Keep that mosquito away!

Dengue Fever – Keep that mosquito away!

Dengue (pronounced as den-gee) fever is a prevalent post-monsoon disease in tropical countries like India. This discomforting illness, manifested primarily by high fever is caused by any one of the four dengue viruses passed on by a mosquito bite.


  • The most prominent symptoms are high-grade fever, chills and severe headache
  • Pain behind the eyes and severe body ache
  • After the two days of onset, there may be vomiting
  • Rashes on skin, three to four days after the onset of fever
  • Mild bleeding like nose/gum bleeding or easy bruising


  • The diagnosis of dengue is made by doing blood tests to check the virus or antibodies to it
  • A specific test called NS1 is done to accurately diagnose dengue within the first seven days of the infection
  • A simple platelet count in the blood also gives an indication for the disease as platelets drop drastically in this infection


Undiagnosed cases can lead to fatal results.

  • Very low platelet count and blood pressure
  • Bleeding from nose, mouth and intestines
  • In severe cases, the patient may suffer from dengue haemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome

Prevention of Dengue

The most important step to avoid getting dengue is to be protected from man infected mosquito’s bite. The protective measures include not only guarding yourself from the bite, but also to prevent the breeding of these mosquitoes.

  • Clear all stagnant water round the house from water ditches, air coolers, old discarded tyres or broken bottles
  • All water tanks and containers should be covered
  • Use mosquito nets or repellents in the form of sprays, creams, or mats
  • Use mosquito repellents in the form of sprays, creams, mats etc
  • Keep your arms and legs covered
  • Most importantly keep a patient of dengue under a mosquito net so that others do not get infected if the mosquito bites him again. This will limit the spread