Complications of Uncontrolled Diabetes

Hypoglycaemia Diabetes if not controlled well can cause a host of complications and can affect several organs of the body. Have a look at some of them. Heart Disease This is one of the commonest diabetes complications. People who have diabetes are prone to developing diabetic heart diseases. The higher a person’s blood sugar level is, the greater are his risk for DHD. Diabetes increases the risk of various heart problems such as coronary artery disease, heart attack, narrowing of arteries and high blood pressure.

A diabetic should assess his risks of getting a heart disease and work towards managing it well. Diabetic Nephropathy (kidney disease) Uncontrolled diabetes can damage the delicate filtering system of kidneys. Severe damage can lead to kidney failure or even irreversible end-stage kidney disease, which will require dialysis or a kidney transplant.

Regular urine testing should be performed to look for diabetic nephropathy. Diabetic Neuropathy (nerve damage) Excess sugar can injure the walls of the tiny blood vessels that nourish the nerves, especially in the legs. This can lead to tingling sensation, numbness, burning or pain that begins from the tips of the toes or fingers of hands and then gradually spreads upward. Poorly controlled blood sugar can lead to loss of sensation in the affected limbs.

If the skin of a diabetic becomes numb, he may not notice small ulcers or wounds that could grow to become bigger health issue.

Diabetics should check the feet and hands daily for any abnormal redness, calluses, cracks or skin breakout. If any of these symptoms are notices, they should consult the physician immediately. Diabetic Retinopathy (eye disease) Diabetes can damage the blood vessels of the retina to the extent that it can lead to blindness. Diabetes also enhances the risk of serious vision conditions such as cataracts and glaucoma.

Diabetics should see an ophthalmologist at least once in a year. Gastroparesis (stomach disease) Diabetes increases the risk of gastroparesis, a condition where the nerves to the stomach gets damaged and cease to work properly. This makes the stomach to take much longer to empty its contents and makes it difficult to manage the glucose levels in blood. Erectile Dysfunction Diabetes may lead to erectile dysfunction, and henceforth impotence. The cause of diabetic men having this condition is associated with impairments in nerve, blood vessel and muscle function. Diabetes damages the blood vessels and nerves that are responsible for erection. Therefore, even if the diabetic patient has normal amounts of male hormones and desire to have sex, he still may not be able to achieve a firm erection. Skin Problems and infections Diabetes may make you prone to several skin problems, including bacterial and fungal infections. High levels of glucose in the blood provide a suitable breeding ground for bacteria and fungi to grow and it can also reduce the body’s ability to heal itself. Dental Problems in Diabetes Diabetics face a higher risk of dental and oral health problems because uncontrolled diabetes impairs white blood cells, which are body’s main defence against infections. With a history of poor dental hygiene, gum infections become common among diabetics. Osteoporosis Diabetes may lead to lower than normal BMD (bone mineral density), increasing the risk of osteoporosis.

So now that you know, what all harm diabetes can cause if the blood glucose levels are not kept optimum, keep a regular watch on the sugar levels. Practice healthy lifestyle and monitor the risk factors.