First Aid – What Everyone Should Know – Part I


First aid is an essential skill. Everyone must know the basics.
By following certain guidelines and performing simple procedures, some emergencies can be dealt with before the professional medical help arrives.
The key is to remain calm and act quickly.

For all types of bleeding, stopping flow of blood as quickly as possible is the main objective.

  • Small cuts – Usually veins get cut first as they are more superficial than arteries. From smaller cuts, bleeding stops and blood clots within a few minutes. The area should be properly washed and a plaster can be placed on the cut.
  • Deeper cuts – Deeper cuts in the veins brings dark colour blood that seeps out slowly. Gentle pressure on the wound with a clean cloth should be applied, followed by the application of a sterile bandage/plaster.
  • Sometimes these wounds may need sewing and therefore medical advice may be needed after first aid.

  • Arterial bleeding – Bleeding from an artery can cause death within few minutes, hence immediate and urgent first aid is essential. This type of bleeding pulsates and squirts blood in sync with pulse beats. This blood is often a bright red in colour.
  • To stop bleeding from an artery apply hard pressure on the wound with a sterile cloth or your hand, and keep this up until medical help is sought. If possible, position the wounded area should be kept higher than the rest of the body.

  • Nosebleeds – This occur when some of the small blood vessels in the mucous membranes of the nose gets burst. Do not bend the head backwards or lie down, as this increases the blood pressure towards the head and so augments the bleeding.
  • To limit the bleeding pinch the nostrils shut with the index and middle finger for sometime, so that the veins are pressed together to stem the flow blood
    If the person frequently suffers from such sudden, intense nosebleeds, a doctor’s consultation is a must.

Choking is also commonly witnessed and happens when the windpipe gets blocked. This occurs when food gets stuck in the food passage.
A person who is choking usually will be able to only communicate with hand movements, and may place his hand against the throat and his eyes seem to pop out. This indicates he needs immediate help.
Heimlich manoeuvre is the best way to relieve choking.

  • Stand behind the choking person
  • Place your arms around his waist, and bend him well forward
  • Clench your fist and place it right above the person’s belly button
  • Put your other hand on top of the first, then with a hard, upward movement thrust both hands backwards
  • Repeat this until the stuck object in the throat is expelled out


Shock is a state of unconsciousness when too little blood reaches to the brain, making it to receive not enough oxygen which leads to fainting, disorientation and dizziness.
Shock may occur due to,

  • an accident involving loss of blood in huge amount
  • a serious infection (involving loss of fluids like in cases of burn)
  • as part of an allergic reaction (anaphylaxis)

Due to excessive loss of blood in the body, the blood pressure drops and little oxygen circulates through the body.
The person in shock may,

  • go pale; turns sweaty, clammy and cold
  • become dizzy, anxious or restless
  • have a weak, fast pulse; low blood pressure
  • have slow, weak breathing
  • loses consciousness

What you can do

  • Make the person lie on his back, preferably with his feet raised up (to make sure enough blood reaches brain
  • Don’t give him anything to drink or eat because it could run a risk of aspiration
  • If the person vomits or bleeds through mouth, place him on his side to prevent choking
  • Call for an ambulance immediately. A person in shock must always be treated by a doctor or in a hospital.

Above mentioned measures are general guidelines to be used in an emergency.
It is not intended to replace professional medical help.

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Migraine: The Monstrous Headache


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Call of Health

Preventive Health

“Mission Prevention” gave us important information about preventive tests. Indus Health Plus organization is a pioneer organization providing specialized preventive tests. in the country. The idea of preventive health is taken to all walks of life from lower to higher strata of society through the medium of Indus from last decade. This mission has benefited lakhs of people and this really gives us the sense of pride. Read Article

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  • Breast self exam: Check for unusual lumps and bumps or any discharge from nipple on a monthly basis. Read Article

Healthy Snacks at Work

Food Swap

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And chances are that they mostly gorge on samosas, vadas, burgers and cheese sandwiches which are readily available at every office’s canteens.

We are giving you some healthy snacking options which are hassle free and you can carry them off to the office. Read Article

Exercise, Why You Must

Exercise Benefits

Apart from burning loads of calories and keeping you fit, exercising has other subtle benefits too.

Your days are packed and your calendar is full. You have no time to exercise. Chaotic lifestyles can elevate your stress levels and put you on the edge, which might push you towards unhealthy quick fixes to feel better like overeating, smoking or drinking. Instead of making damaging choices to soothe frayed nerves, consider exercising. Read Article

Gift Some Good Health

Gift Good Health

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Tired of boring crockery and show pieces that you would hardly ever use? Change the scene and set a new trend. Start giving gifts that can be immensely useful and promote good health.
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Prevention of Lifestyle Respiratory Diseases

Prevent Respiratory Diseases

About Lifestyle Respiratory Diseases
Lifestyle diseases are linked to the way we live and hence, they are preventable. Being related to lifestyle choices,they can be prevented and controlled to some extent by making healthy life choices.
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Preventive Health Checkups – A Must for Everyone

Preventive Health Tests
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